Melasma is a common skin condition that causes dark brown spots and patches. It is caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, certain hormones and medications, exposure to the sun, and other high sources of heat. While it is difficult to treat, melasma can be prevented by avoiding the sun’s harmful UV rays and other extreme heat sources.
Skin hyperpigmentation happens when our skin produces too much melanin and leaves dark spots behind. These dark spots on the skin often develop on the face, neck, shoulders, and the hands. Melasma during pregnancy is one form of hyperpigmentation. Although this condition is usually harmless, it can be difficult to hide and embarrassing.