Melasma is a common skin condition that causes dark brown spots and patches. It is caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, certain hormones and medications, exposure to the sun, and other high sources of heat. While it is difficult to treat, melasma can be prevented by avoiding the sun’s harmful UV rays and other extreme heat sources.
In addition to contributing to premature aging at an alarming rate, the sun is also one of the key contributors to one of the most common dermatological conditions: hyperpigmentation. Thankfully, research is showing that plant-based, topical ingredients can be effective alternatives to well-known, but riskier ingredients such as hydroquinone.
Skin hyperpigmentation happens when our skin produces too much melanin and leaves dark spots behind. These dark spots on the skin often develop on the face, neck, shoulders, and the hands. Melasma during pregnancy is one form of hyperpigmentation. Although this condition is usually harmless, it can be difficult to hide and embarrassing.
Age spots from sun are a discoloration of the skin caused by excessive melanin. Doctors aren’t sure why they occur, but frequent exposure to harmful UV rays, coupled with natural aging, are likely to blame. Anyone at any age can experience age spots, but they do not hurt, itch, or otherwise irritate.